Ricardo Tosto on the Five Legal Principles of Criminal Law

Brazilian criminal law is based on five guiding principles, which must be understood in order to understand the overall context of Brazilian legal proceedings. These five principles deal with the jurisdiction of the courts over a case and the essential requirements for a fair trial.

The first principle is territoriality, meaning that only Brazilian law applies on Brazilian soil. However, this is somewhat contradicted by the second principle, which is the principle of personality, under which the criminal law of a foreign citizen’s country is applicable to that person.

The third principle is an extension of the second principal. The principal of defense allows Brazilian law to be applied irrespective of the location or nationality of the defendant in defense of the aggrieved party or the damaged good.

The principle of university justice states that individuals should be punished for their crimes no matter where they took place under the laws of the country where they are located. This is the principle which would apply to genocidal acts, for example.

Finally, the principle of representation allows for the Brazilian government to assert jurisdiction for criminal acts that occur on Brazilian vessels and planes.

Ricardo Tosto is Sao Paulo-based attorney with a keen interest in criminal law. One of the country’s most respected civil litigators, Ricardo Tosto is a graduate of a top Brazilian law school. He is best known for being one of the first attorneys to develop a large-scale dispute resolution practice in the country.

In addition to his dedication to the legal profession, Ricardo Tosto is also an accomplished writer and speaker. Ricardo Tosto is also a member of several Brazilian and international legal organizations. His firm, Ricardo Tosto& Associates, has been recognized as one of Brazil’s leading firms and has handled a plethora of high-profile cases.

Karl Heideck: One of Philadelphia’s Leading Litigation Attorneys

Karl Heideck: One of Philadelphia's Leading Litigation AttorneysThe terms trial lawyer and litigator are frequently tossed around, even by lawyers themselves, without much thought about what they mean. The two are related, but there is an important distinction. A litigator is an attorney who represents a client in a civil or criminal matter from beginning to end, whereas trial attorneys specialize in courtroom presentations. Strictly speaking, trial lawyers are found in large firms with ample support staff who can take care of the minutiae of complex cases.

Attorneys, like Karl Heideck, who own their own law offices or who work for smaller firms and represent plaintiffs or criminal defendants are almost always litigators, since they have to do a considerable amount of the trench work in addition to making court appearances. Overseeing a court case is no small feat as litigators must undertake a full investigation of all the pertinent facts. They often seek out the help of accountants and private investigators, and interview and depose witnesses in order to gather all of the information they need to represent their client in the most effective manner possible.

Looking for a litigator in PA? Click here to contact Karl Heideck.

Karl Heideck attended Swarthmore College Karl Heideck is a leading Philadelphia litigator. After graduating with his BA degree in English from Swarthmore College, Heideck attended Temple University Law School, earning his law degree in 2009. Before becoming a contract attorney specializing in banking and securities litigation, he was an associate and later a project attorney for two large Philadelphia law firms.

Heideck passed the Pennsylvania Bar exam in 2009 becoming a member of the state bar. As a contract litigator, Heideck primarily supports other law firms and does not take on his own clients. He continues to develop his skills in this high-stakes field of the law.

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